The largest upward impacts to euro area annual inflation came from fuels for transport (+0.21 percentage points), vegetables (+0.07 pp) and heating oil (+0.05 pp), while gas (-0.10 pp), telecommunications (-0.05 pp) and personal care products (-0.04 pp) had the biggest downward impacts.
The highest annual rates were recorded in Estonia (2.4 percent), Belgium (2.2 percent), the Czech Republic and Latvia (both 2.1 percent). By contrast, negative annual rates were observed in Bulgaria (-0.5 percent), Ireland (-0.2 percent) and Romania (-0.1 percent).
Core inflation which excludes energy, food, alcohol and tobacco was recorded at 0.9 percent compared with 0.8 percent in November. Excluding energy only, the inflation rate rose to 1 percent from 0.8 percent in the previous month.
On a monthly basis, consumer prices increased by 0.5 percent after falling by 0.1 percent in November, in line with market expectations.
In the full year 2016, the average CPI rose 0.2 percent after showing no growth in 2015.