Nigeria Central Bank Leaves Rate on Hold and Hikes Reserve Ratio

The Monetary Policy Committee decided on March 25th to hold the interest rate at 12 percent, as the Central Bank agreed to continue the existing tight monetary policies. It also decided to increase the cash reserves requirement for private sector deposits by 300 bps to 15 percent.

Excerpts from the statement by the Central Bank of Nigeria:

Based on the 2013 favorable performance, output growth has been projected at 7.7 per cent for fiscal 2014. The Committee observed that the relatively robust growth projections, despite the sluggish global recovery, reflected the continuing favorable conditions for increased agricultural production, sustained outcome of the banking sector reforms as well as the initiatives of the government to stimulate the real economy. 

Gross official reserves as at March 2014 stood at US$37.83 billion compared with US$42.85 billion at end-December 2013. The decrease in the reserves level was driven largely by the increased funding of the foreign exchange market in the face of intense pressure on the Naira and the need to maintain stability. 

The Committee unanimously agreed that a continuation of a tight monetary policy was needed to consolidate recent gains. Recent resurgence of core inflation in spite of the downward trend in headline inflation reinforces this position. Thus, prudent monetary stance would also facilitate better reserve and exchange rate management in an environment where Fed tapering increases pressure on emerging economies financial markets.

On a positive note, inflation forecasts indicate that food inflation may not grow beyond current levels, especially with bumper harvests expected in 2014. However, core inflation could rise. The Committee noted that frontier markets were positioning themselves to attract higher capital inflows by raising their policy rates to contain inflation and also remain competitive. Oil prices remained relatively high while production was improving, and there were signs of accretion to external reserves. The Committee also expressed concern over the sudden surge in domiciliary account balances which may offset the gains from imposing 75 per cent CRR on public sector funds.

In the light of the foregoing, the MPC considered the success of Monetary Policy in attaining price and exchange rate stability; the potential headwinds in 2014; the ultimate goal of transiting to a truly low – inflation environment; and the need to retain portfolio flows. The Committee unanimously voted for further tightening of monetary policy but were divided on the instruments. While some voted for an increase in the MPR to retain and attract more inflows, other members felt that such increase could impact access to credit and domestic growth negatively.

Nigeria Central Bank Leaves Rate on Hold and Hikes Reserve Ratio

Central Bank of Nigeria | Isabel Felino |
3/25/2014 5:55:59 PM