Year-on-year, inflation picked up for transport (5.67 percent vs 5.60 percent in March); housing (5.46 percent vs 4.13 percent) and personal expenses (3.54 percent vs 3.51 percent). On the other hand, prices slowed for health (5.78 percent vs 5.88 percent) and fell for food and non-alcoholic beverages (-2.11 percent vs -1.64 percent) and articles for the residence (-0.54 percent vs -1.03 percent).
On a monthly basis, consumer prices were up 0.22 percent, compared to a 0.09 percent increase in March and market estimates of a 0.28 percent rise. The biggest upward pressure stemmed from monthly cost of health and personal care (0.91 percent vs 0.48 percent), mainly due to medicines (1.52 percent) and health insurance (1.06 percent). Also, prices rose faster for clothing (0.62 percent vs 0.33 percent), especially for women (1.66 percent); articles for the residence (0.22 percent vs 0.08 percent), of which household appliances (0.42 percent); and personal expenses (0.12 percent vs 0.05 percent). Meantime, cost was flat for transport (from -0.25 percent in March), as increases in prices of car repair (1.31 percent) and gasoline (0.26 percent) offset declines in those of ethanol (-2.73 percent) and airline tickets (-2.67 percent). Housing prices increased 0.17 percent, slightly below 0.19 percent in March.