Exports of energy products increased 1.2% to $9.2 billion. A 3.3% gain in exports of crude oil and crude bitumen was partially offset by decreases in refined petroleum energy products (-7.0%) and natural gas (-6.2%).
Exports to the United States decreased 1.6% to $29.2 billion. Consequently, Canada's trade surplus with the United States went from $3.4 billion in April to $3.5 billion in May. Exports to countries other than the United States declined 1.6% to $10.1 billion.
Following four consecutive monthly increases, imports fell to $39.6 billion. Imports of energy products declined 18.4% to $3.2 billion in May, as volumes decreased 15.2%. Imports of crude oil and crude bitumen fell 34.1% to $1.5 billion, on lower volumes (-31.7%). This was the sixth consecutive monthly decrease in imports of crude oil and crude bitumen, and the lowest level since March 2009.
Imports of metal ores and non-metallic minerals fell 38.8% to $777 million, as volumes declined 32.9%. Widespread decreases in imports were recorded throughout the section, led by other metal ores and concentrates, mainly precious metal ores and concentrates, and precious metal bullion.
Following three consecutive monthly increases, imports of motor vehicles and parts declined 4.7% to $6.9 billion in May. Passenger cars and light trucks was the main contributor, falling 8.9%, entirely on lower volumes.
Imports of metal and non-metallic mineral products decreased 8.5% to $3.3 billion. Unwrought precious metals and precious metal alloys declined 34.0% to $624 million on lower volumes and prices.
Imports from the United States declined 2.0% to $25.7 billion, the first decrease in five months, due to lower imports of precious metals ores and concentrates, and precious metal bullion, as well as passenger cars. Imports from countries other than the United States fell 5.3% to $13.9 billion.