The Reserve Bank of Australia kept the cash rate at a record low of 1.5 percent at its March meeting, as widely expected, extending its record period of policy inaction for 31st straight month. Policymakers said that the decision is consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and with achieving the inflation target over time. The Committee also noted that the inflation rate remains low and stable and it is expected to pick up gradually over the next couple of years, while the economy is projected to grow by around 3 percent in 2019 supported by business investment, spending on public infrastructure and employment. Interest Rate in Australia averaged 4.48 percent from 1990 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 17.50 percent in January of 1990 and a record low of 1.50 percent in August of 2016.

Interest Rate in Australia is expected to be 1.50 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Interest Rate in Australia to stand at 1.00 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the Australia Interest Rate is projected to trend around 1.50 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.

Australia Interest Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-11-06 03:30 AM RBA Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
2018-12-04 03:30 AM RBA Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
2019-02-05 03:30 AM RBA Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
2019-03-05 03:30 AM RBA Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
2019-04-02 03:30 AM RBA Interest Rate Decision 1.5% 1.5%
2019-04-12 01:30 AM RBA Financial Stability Review
2019-04-16 01:30 AM RBA Meeting Minutes



Australia Leaves Monetary Policy Unchanged

The Reserve Bank of Australia kept the cash rate at a record low of 1.5 percent at its March meeting, as widely expected, extending its record period of policy inaction for 31st straight month. Policymakers said that the decision is consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and with achieving the inflation target over time. The Committee also noted that the inflation rate remains low and stable and it is expected to pick up gradually over the next couple of years, while the economy is projected to grow by around 3 percent in 2019 supported by business investment, spending on public infrastructure and employment. Policymakers added that uncertainty continued to be the outlook for household spending and the effect of fall housing prices in some cities.

Excerpt from the statement by the governor, Philip Lowe: 

The outlook for the global economy remains reasonable, although downside risks have increased. The trade tensions remain a source of uncertainty. In China, the authorities have taken further steps to ease financing conditions, partly in response to slower growth in the economy. Globally, headline inflation rates have moved lower following the earlier decline in oil prices, although core inflation has picked up in a number of economies. In most advanced economies, unemployment rates are low and wages growth has picked up.

The Australian labour market remains strong. There has been a significant increase in employment and the unemployment rate is at 5 per cent. A further decline in the unemployment rate to 4¾ per cent is expected over the next couple of years. The vacancy rate is high and there are reports of skills shortages in some areas. The stronger labour market has led to some pick-up in wages growth, which is a welcome development. The improvement in the labour market should see some further lift in wages growth over time, although this is still expected to be a gradual process.

Other indicators suggest growth in the Australian economy slowed over the second half of 2018. The central scenario is still for the Australian economy to grow by around 3 per cent this year. The growth outlook is being supported by rising business investment, higher levels of spending on public infrastructure and increased employment. The main domestic uncertainty continues to be the strength of household consumption in the context of weak growth in household income and falling housing prices in some cities. A pick-up in growth in household income is nonetheless expected to support household spending over the next year.

The adjustment in the Sydney and Melbourne housing markets is continuing, after the earlier large run-up in prices. Conditions remain soft in both markets and rent inflation remains low. Credit conditions for some borrowers have tightened a little further over the past year or so. At the same time, the demand for credit by investors in the housing market has slowed noticeably as the dynamics of the housing market have changed. Growth in credit extended to owner-occupiers has eased further. Mortgage rates remain low and there is strong competition for borrowers of high credit quality.

Inflation remains low and stable. Underlying inflation is expected to pick up over the next couple of years, with the pick-up likely to be gradual and to take a little longer than earlier expected. The central scenario is for underlying inflation to be 2 per cent this year and 2¼ per cent in 2020. Headline inflation is expected to decline in the near term because of lower petrol prices.

The low level of interest rates is continuing to support the Australian economy. Further progress in reducing unemployment and having inflation return to target is expected, although this progress is likely to be gradual. Taking account of the available information, the Board judged that holding the stance of monetary policy unchanged at this meeting would be consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and achieving the inflation target over time.



RBA l Rida Husna | rida@tradingeconomics.com
3/5/2019 1:16:54 PM



Australia Money Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Interest Rate 1.50 1.50 17.50 1.50 percent [+]
Money Supply M0 113.87 114.54 114.54 4.09 AUD Billion [+]
Money Supply M1 356.38 355.17 357.95 8.25 AUD Billion [+]
Interbank Rate 2.06 2.20 18.18 1.87 percent [+]
Money Supply M3 2110.37 2097.30 2110.37 10.19 AUD Billion [+]
Foreign Exchange Reserves 68492.00 61319.00 88457.00 1126.00 AUD Million [+]
Banks Balance Sheet 4340.82 4278.05 4340.82 322.96 AUD Billion [+]
Central Bank Balance Sheet 175249.00 181303.00 202663.00 30418.00 AUD Million [+]
Loans to Private Sector 955.73 953.42 955.73 20.21 AUD Billion [+]
Deposit Interest Rate 1.85 1.85 17.25 1.85 percent [+]
Private Debt to GDP 205.50 208.60 210.90 120.50 percent [+]


Australia Interest Rate

In Australia, interest rates decisions are taken by the Reserve Bank of Australia's Board. The official interest rate is the cash rate. The cash rate is the rate charged on overnight loans between financial intermediaries, is determined in the money market as a result of the interaction of demand for and supply of overnight funds. This page provides - Australia Interest Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Australia Interest Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on March of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
1.50 1.50 17.50 1.50 1990 - 2019 percent Daily




Country Last Previous
Argentina 63.87 Mar/19
Turkey 24.00 Mar/19
Mexico 8.25 Feb/19
Russia 7.75 Feb/19
South Africa 6.75 Feb/19
Brazil 6.50 Mar/19
India 6.25 Feb/19
Indonesia 6.00 Mar/19
China 4.35 Feb/19
Saudi Arabia 3.00 Feb/19
United States 2.50 Mar/19
Canada 1.75 Mar/19
South Korea 1.75 Feb/19
Singapore 1.66 Feb/19
Australia 1.50 Mar/19
United Kingdom 0.75 Mar/19
Euro Area 0.00 Mar/19
France 0.00 Mar/19
Germany 0.00 Mar/19
Italy 0.00 Mar/19
Netherlands 0.00 Mar/19
Spain 0.00 Mar/19
Japan -0.10 Mar/19
Switzerland -0.75 Mar/19


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