The unemployment rate in France inched lower to 8.7 percent in the March quarter of 2019 from 8.8 percent in the previous period. It was the lowest jobless rate since the first quarter 2009. In metropolitan France only, the unemployment rate edged down to 8.4 percent from 8.5 percent, as the number of unemployed decreased by 19,000 to 2.4 million. Meantime, the employment rate remained at its highest since the early 1980s, while the activity rate was stable at 72.3 percent. Unemployment Rate in France averaged 9.25 percent from 1996 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 10.70 percent in the first quarter of 1997 and a record low of 7.20 percent in the first quarter of 2008.

Unemployment Rate in France is expected to be 8.60 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Unemployment Rate in France to stand at 7.80 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the France Unemployment Rate is projected to trend around 6.80 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.

France Unemployment Rate
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Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-08-14 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 9.1% 9.2% 9.2% 8.9%
2018-11-20 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 9.1% 9.1% 9.2% 9%
2019-02-14 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.8% 9.1% 9.1% 9.1%
2019-05-16 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7% 8.8% 8.9%
2019-08-14 05:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.7% 8.6%
2019-11-20 06:30 AM Unemployment Rate 8.5%



French Q1 Jobless Rate Falls to a Decade Low of 8.7%

The unemployment rate in France inched lower to 8.7 percent in the March quarter of 2019 from 8.8 percent in the previous period. It was the lowest jobless rate since the first quarter of 2009.

In metropolitan France only, the unemployment rate declined by 0.1 points over the quarter to 8.4 percent in the three months to March, as the number of unemployed decreased by 19,000 to 2.4 million. The unemployment rate increased 2.1 points among young men, but fell 1.4 points among young women.For persons aged 25 to 49, the unemployment rate dropped 0.2 points, while it rose for those aged 50 and over. Among the unemployed, 963 thousand were seeking a job for at least one year. The long-term unemployment rate stood at 3.3 percent in the first quarter, virtually stable from the prior quarter, while declined by 0.3 points over a year.

The employment rate of the population aged 15-64 years was stable in the March quarter, remaining at its highest since early 1980s, and 0.3 points above its early 2018 level. Over the quarter, the employment rate among persons aged 25 to 49 was up by 0.2 points and that among persons aged 50 to 64 remained virtually stable. At the opposite, the employment rate among youth decreased sharply by 0.4 points. Full-time employment rate stood at 54.5 percent in the first quarter. It was virtually stable (up 0.1 points) over a quarter and advanced by 0.6 points over a year, reaching its highest level since 2003 (beginning of the quarterly series). Part-time employment rate was unchanged at 11.7 percent.

About 5.3 percent of the employed were underemployed, meaning that they had a part-time job but wished to work more. This share decreased by 0.4 points compared to the December quarter and 0.8 points over a year. 

The activity rate of people aged 15-64 was stable at 72.3 percent. Quarter-on-quarter, it decreased 0.3 points among youths, was stable for middle-age people and increased 0.3 points among persons aged 50 to 64, in particular among men (up 0.8 points). It was stable among persons aged 55 to 64 (up 0.1 points) over a quarter and sharply increased year-on-year (up 0.7 points).


Insee l Rida Husna | rida@tradingeconomics.com
5/16/2019 8:52:01 AM



France Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 8.70 8.80 10.70 7.20 percent [+]
Employed Persons 28208.80 28184.20 28208.80 19530.70 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 3382.60 3388.70 3591.10 1975.80 Thousand [+]
Employment Rate 66.10 66.10 66.10 63.50 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 3.40 3.40 5.00 2.40 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 20.20 20.10 26.00 14.50 percent [+]
Labour Costs 108.50 108.20 108.50 5.90 Index Points [+]
Productivity 103.16 118.72 118.72 20.68 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 293.90 259.90 363.80 121.10 Thousand [+]
Wages 2988.00 2962.00 2988.00 1751.73 EUR/Month [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 102.20 102.00 117.90 72.70 Index Points [+]
Minimum Wages 1521.22 1521.22 1521.22 1035.97 EUR/Month [+]
Wage Growth 0.40 0.70 1.00 0.10 percent [+]
Population 67.19 66.95 67.19 45.46 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 62.00 62.00 62.00 60.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 62.00 62.00 62.00 60.00 [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 72.30 72.30 72.30 69.50 percent [+]
Initial Jobless Claims -6.10 -15.70 72.70 -60.70 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 1790.00 1750.00 1860.00 1650.00 EUR/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1080.00 1050.00 1150.00 960.00 EUR/Month [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls 2780.20 2775.90 5475.10 2768.70 Thousand [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 25245.20 25191.70 25245.20 24296.40 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 19495.50 19429.10 19495.50 12409.60 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 4711.00 4948.70 4965.70 3802.00 Thousand [+]
Employment Change 0.10 0.10 0.70 -0.50 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 22172.40 21849.30 22172.40 18337.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 5783.00 5780.20 5807.50 5609.30 Thousand [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1610.00 1580.00 1610.00 1530.00 EUR/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 3120.00 3460.00 3460.00 3120.00 EUR/Month [+]


France Unemployment Rate

In France, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - France Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. France Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on May of 2019.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
8.70 8.80 10.70 7.20 1996 - 2019 percent Quarterly




Country Last Previous
South Africa 27.60 Mar/19
Spain 14.70 Mar/19
Turkey 14.70 Feb/19
Brazil 12.70 Mar/19
Italy 10.20 Mar/19
Argentina 9.10 Dec/18
France 8.70 Mar/19
Euro Area 7.70 Mar/19
Saudi Arabia 6.00 Dec/18
Canada 5.70 Apr/19
Australia 5.20 Apr/19
Indonesia 5.01 Mar/19
Russia 4.70 Mar/19
South Korea 4.10 Apr/19
United Kingdom 3.80 Mar/19
China 3.67 Mar/19
United States 3.60 Apr/19
India 3.53 Dec/18
Netherlands 3.30 Apr/19
Germany 3.20 Mar/19
Mexico 3.20 Mar/19
Japan 2.50 Mar/19
Switzerland 2.40 Apr/19
Singapore 2.20 Mar/19


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