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Sunday August 18 2019
Kazakhstan - Credit Rating at 61.25  
Standard & Poor's credit rating for Kazakhstan stands at BBB- with stable outlook. Moody's credit rating for Kazakhstan was last set at Baa3 with stable outlook. Fitch's credit rating for Kazakhstan was last reported at BBB with stable outlook.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Cumulative Fiscal Expenditure at 7224615.10 KZT Million  
Fiscal Expenditure in Kazakhstan increased to 7224615.10 KZT Million in July from 5978127.40 KZT Million in June of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Cement Production at 1142.20 Thousands of Tonnes  
Cement Production in Kazakhstan decreased to 1142.20 Thousands of Tonnes in July from 1146.60 Thousands of Tonnes in June of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Copper Production at 42980.00 Tonnes  
Copper Production in Kazakhstan increased to 42980 Tonnes in July from 38913 Tonnes in June of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Three Month Interbank Rate at 10.00 percent  
Kazakhstan Three Month Interbank Rate was quoted at 10 percent on Friday August 16.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Cumulative Government Revenues at 7075276.00 KZT Million  
Government Revenues in Kazakhstan increased to 7075276 KZT Million in July from 6202873.90 KZT Million in June of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Car Registrations at 3687597.00  
Car Registrations in Kazakhstan decreased to 3687597 in June from 3774908 in May of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Average Monthly Wages at 186221.00 KZT/Month  
Wages in Kazakhstan increased to 186221 KZT/Month in July from 177963 KZT/Month in June of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Cumulative Government Budget Value at -747264.30 KZT Million  
Kazakhstan recorded a government budget deficit of 747264.30 KZT Million in July of 2019.
Saturday August 17 2019
Kazakhstan Foreign Exchange Reserves at 27702.00 USD Million  
Foreign Exchange Reserves in Kazakhstan decreased to 27702 USD Million in July from 28185 USD Million in June of 2019.
Friday August 16 2019
Kazakhstan Interest Rate at 9.00 percent  
The National Bank of Kazakhstan kept its benchmark base rate at 9.0 percent during its July meeting, saying that current monetary policy stance is adequate to guarantee that inflation will be within the target range of 4 percent – 6 percent at the end of 2019, but warned it could hike it later this year if it saw greater risks to its inflation target. The Bank added that the inflation rate in Kazakhstan increased in June (5.4 percent from 5.3 percent in May), mainly due to higher food prices. Policymakers noted main risks from external conditions include the extreme volatility in oil prices and the unfinished trade war between the US and China.
Friday August 16 2019
Kazakhstan Imports at 3273.60 USD Million  
Imports in Kazakhstan decreased to 3273.60 USD Million in June from 3549.70 USD Million in May of 2019.
Friday August 16 2019
Kazakhstan Exports at 5004.30 USD Million  
Exports in Kazakhstan decreased to 5004.30 USD Million in June from 5048.30 USD Million in May of 2019.
Friday August 16 2019
Kazakhstan Balance of Trade at 1730.70 USD Million  
Kazakhstan recorded a trade surplus of 1730.70 USD Million in June of 2019.
Wednesday August 14 2019
Kazakhstan Retail Sales MoM at 1.80 percent  
Retail Sales in Kazakhstan increased 1.80 percent in July of 2019 over the previous month.
Wednesday August 14 2019
Kazakhstan Industrial Production MoM at 2.50 percent  
Industrial Production in Kazakhstan increased 2.50 percent in July of 2019 over the previous month.
Wednesday August 14 2019
Kazakhstan Industrial Production at 3.20 percent  
Industrial Production in Kazakhstan increased 3.20 percent in July of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Wednesday August 14 2019
Kazakhstan Short-Term Economic Indicator at 5.10 percent  
The economy of Kazakhstan grew 5.1 percent year-on-year in July 2019, slowing from a 7.2 percent expansion in the previous month. Considering January-July, the economy advanced 4.4 percent compared to the same period last year.
Wednesday August 14 2019
Kazakhstan Retail Sales YoY at 5.20 percent  
Retail Sales in Kazakhstan increased 5.20 percent in July of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Gross National Product at 59613707.50 KZT Million  
Gross National Product in Kazakhstan increased to 59613707.50 KZT Million in 2018 from 53101281.80 KZT Million in 2017.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Remittances at 124.03 USD Million  
Remittances in Kazakhstan decreased to 124.03 USD Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 163.72 USD Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Utilities at 307004.90 KZT Million  
GDP From Utilities in Kazakhstan decreased to 307004.90 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 1110129.70 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Transport at 1084730.30 KZT Million  
GDP From Transport in Kazakhstan decreased to 1084730.30 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 4873482.10 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Services at 7313193.70 KZT Million  
GDP From Services in Kazakhstan decreased to 7313193.70 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 32497182.70 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Public Administration at 322876.20 KZT Million  
GDP From Public Administration in Kazakhstan decreased to 322876.20 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 1360381 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Manufacturing at 1631421.70 KZT Million  
GDP From Manufacturing in Kazakhstan decreased to 1631421.70 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 7057977.60 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Mining at 2125713.40 KZT Million  
GDP From Mining in Kazakhstan decreased to 2125713.40 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 9035308.70 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Agriculture at 274580.60 KZT Million  
GDP From Agriculture in Kazakhstan decreased to 274580.60 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 2529208.70 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan GDP From Construction at 444065.40 KZT Million  
GDP From Construction in Kazakhstan decreased to 444065.40 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 3270917 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Total Gross External Debt at 157648.00 USD Million  
External Debt in Kazakhstan decreased to 157648 USD Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 158787 USD Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Capital Flows at -729.80 USD Million  
Kazakhstan recorded a capital and financial account deficit of 729.80 USD Million in the first quarter of 2019.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Employed Persons at 8762.90 Thousand  
The number of employed persons in Kazakhstan increased to 8762.90 Thousand in the second quarter of 2019 from 8732.50 Thousand in the first quarter of 2019.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Unemployment Rate at 4.80 percent  
Kazakhstan's unemployment rate stood at 4.8 percent in July 2019, unchanged from the previous month. The number of unemployed totaled 440.9 thousand persons last month.
Monday August 12 2019
Kazakhstan Unemployed Persons at 440.90 Thousand  
The number of unemployed persons in Kazakhstan decreased to 440.90 Thousand in July of 2019 from 442.70 Thousand in June of 2019.
Saturday August 10 2019
Kazakhstan Housing Index at 104.10 Index Points  
Housing Index in Kazakhstan increased to 104.10 Index Points in July from 103.40 Index Points in June of 2019.
Saturday August 10 2019
Kazakhstan Consumer Price Index (CPI) at 772.60 Index Points  
Consumer Price Index CPI in Kazakhstan increased to 772.60 Index Points in July from 771.40 Index Points in June of 2019.
Saturday August 10 2019
Kazakhstan Average Wages In Manufacturing at 201741.00 KZT/Month  
Wages In Manufacturing in Kazakhstan increased to 201741 KZT/Month in the second quarter of 2019 from 189242 KZT/Month in the first quarter of 2019.
Saturday August 10 2019
Kazakhstan Core Inflation Rate at 6.08 percent  
Core consumer prices in Kazakhstan increased 6.08 percent in July of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Saturday August 10 2019
Kazakhstan Producer Prices at 1170.33 Index Points  
Producer Prices in Kazakhstan decreased to 1170.33 Index Points in July from 1180.29 Index Points in June of 2019.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Consumer Confidence at 77.00 Index Points  
Consumer Confidence in Kazakhstan decreased to 79 Index Points in the third quarter of 2018 from 84 Index Points in the second quarter of 2018.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Banks Balance Sheet at 25349972489.00 KZT Thousand  
Banks Balance Sheet in Kazakhstan increased to 25349972489 KZT Thousand in June from 24921393485 KZT Thousand in May of 2019.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Construction Output at 16.80 percent  
Construction output in Kazakhstan increased 16.80 percent in June of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Central Bank Balance Sheet at 7542280.00 KZT Million  
Central Bank Balance Sheet in Kazakhstan decreased to 7542280 KZT Million in June from 8094232 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Import Prices at 100.20 Index Points  
Import Prices in Kazakhstan decreased to 100.20 Index Points in May from 100.90 Index Points in April of 2019.
Thursday August 08 2019
Kazakhstan Export Prices at 103.40 Index Points  
Export Prices in Kazakhstan increased to 103.40 Index Points in May from 100.90 Index Points in April of 2019.
Tuesday August 06 2019
Kazakhstan Crude Oil Production at 1634.00 BBL/D/1K  
Crude Oil Production in Kazakhstan decreased to 1634 BBL/D/1K in April from 1878 BBL/D/1K in March of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan CPI Transportation at 101.70 Index Points  
The transportation sub-index of the CPI basket in Kazakhstan decreased to 101.70 Index Points in July of 2019 from 101.90 Index Points in June of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Steel Production at 385.00 Thousand Tonnes  
Steel Production in Kazakhstan decreased to 385 Thousand Tonnes in June from 395 Thousand Tonnes in May of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Government Debt at 17517832.00 USD Thousand  
Government Debt in Kazakhstan increased to 17517832 USD Thousand in the second quarter of 2019 from 16585400 USD Thousand in the first quarter of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Consumer Credit at 5835436.00 KZT Million  
Consumer Credit in Kazakhstan increased to 5835436 KZT Million in June from 5659278 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Money Supply M1 at 5507695.00 KZT Million  
Money Supply M1 in Kazakhstan decreased to 5507695 KZT Million in June from 5760725 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Money Supply M2 at 14549374.00 KZT Million  
Money Supply M2 in Kazakhstan decreased to 14549374 KZT Million in June from 15132426 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Money Supply M3 at 19537417.00 KZT Million  
Money Supply M3 in Kazakhstan decreased to 19537417 KZT Million in June from 19737465 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Saturday August 03 2019
Kazakhstan Money Supply M0 at 2231486.00 KZT Million  
Money Supply M0 in Kazakhstan decreased to 2231486 KZT Million in June from 2245869 KZT Million in May of 2019.
Friday August 02 2019
Kazakhstan Food Inflation at 8.60 percent  
Cost of food in Kazakhstan increased 8.60 percent in July of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Friday August 02 2019
Kazakhstan Inflation Rate at 5.40 percent  
Inflation rate in Kazakhstan was unchanged at 5.4 percent year-on-year in July of 2019, the same as in the previous month. It remains the highest inflation rate since September of 2018, as cost advanced faster for food and non-alcoholic beverages (8.6 percent vs 8.1 percent in June) and alcoholic beverages & tobacco (10.2 percent vs 9.8 percent). On the other hand, prices slowed for clothing & footwear (7.5 percent vs 7.9 percent); transport (1.7 percent vs 1.9 percent) and household equipment (7.1 percent vs 7.3 percent) while housing & utilities cost continued to fall (-3.7 percent vs -3.5 percent). On a monthly basis, consumer prices went up 0.2 percent, the same pace as in the previous month.
Thursday August 01 2019
Kazakhstan Producer Prices Change at 6.00 percent  
Producer prices in Kazakhstan increased 6.0 percent year-on-year in July of 2019, slowing from an 8.2 percent rise in the previous month. Prices went up at a softer pace for manufacturing (6.4 percent vs 7.5 percent in June) and mining & quarrying (7.5 percent vs 10.8 percent) while water supply & sewerage cost continued to fall (-1.2 percent vs -1.0 percent). Meantime, electricity, gas, steam & air conditioning supply cost dropped 7.9 percent, the same pace as in June. On a monthly basis, producer prices decreased 0.8 percent, following a 0.7 percent drop in the prior month.
Thursday August 01 2019
Kazakhstan Inflation Rate MoM at 0.20 percent  
The Consumer Price Index in Kazakhstan increased 0.20 percent in July of 2019 over the previous month.
Monday July 29 2019
Kazakhstan Gasoline Prices at 0.45 USD/Liter  
Gasoline Prices in Kazakhstan decreased to 0.45 USD/Liter in July from 0.46 USD/Liter in June of 2019.
Tuesday July 16 2019
Kazakhstan Manufacturing Production at 2.50 percent  
Manufacturing Production in Kazakhstan increased 2.50 percent in June of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Tuesday July 16 2019
Kazakhstan Mining Production at 8.60 percent  
Mining production in Kazakhstan increased 8.60 percent in June of 2019 over the same month in the previous year.
Tuesday July 16 2019
Kazakhstan Business Confidence at 9.00 Index Points  
Business Confidence in Kazakhstan increased to 9 Index Points in the second quarter of 2019 from 6 Index Points in the first quarter of 2019.
Saturday July 13 2019
Kazakhstan Consumer Spending at 6396442.70 KZT Million  
Consumer Spending in Kazakhstan decreased to 6396442.70 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 29017865.40 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Saturday July 13 2019
Kazakhstan Gross Fixed Capital Formation at 2376.00 KZT Billion  
Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Kazakhstan decreased to 2376 KZT Billion in the first quarter of 2019 from 12755 KZT Billion in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Saturday July 13 2019
Kazakhstan Changes in Inventories at 424624.00 KZT Million  
The stocks of goods held by firms in Kazakhstan increased by 424624 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019.
Saturday July 13 2019
Kazakhstan Government Spending at 1140647.30 KZT Million  
Government Spending in Kazakhstan decreased to 1140647.30 KZT Million in the first quarter of 2019 from 5164531.90 KZT Million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday July 08 2019
Kazakhstan GDP per capita PPP at 24738.40 USD  
The Gross Domestic Product per capita in Kazakhstan was last recorded at 24738.40 US dollars in 2018, when adjusted by purchasing power parity (PPP). The GDP per Capita, in Kazakhstan, when adjusted by Purchasing Power Parity is equivalent to 139 percent of the world's average.
Saturday July 06 2019
Kazakhstan Foreign Direct Investment at 5964.13 USD Million  
Foreign Direct Investment in Kazakhstan increased by 5964.13 USD Million in the first quarter of 2019.
Wednesday July 03 2019
Kazakhstan GDP per capita at 11165.50 USD  
The Gross Domestic Product per capita in Kazakhstan was last recorded at 11165.50 US dollars in 2018. The GDP per Capita in Kazakhstan is equivalent to 88 percent of the world's average.
Tuesday July 02 2019
Kazakhstan GDP at 170.54 USD Billion  
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Kazakhstan was worth 170.54 billion US dollars in 2018. The GDP value of Kazakhstan represents 0.28 percent of the world economy.
Monday July 01 2019
Kazakhstan GDP Annual Growth Rate at 3.80 percent  
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Kazakhstan expanded 3.80 percent in the first quarter of 2019 over the same quarter of the previous year.
Wednesday May 29 2019
Kazakhstan Population at 18.16 Million  
The total population in Kazakhstan was estimated at 18.2 million people in 2018, according to the latest census figures.
Saturday May 18 2019
Kazakhstan Long Term Unemployment Rate at 2.20 percent  
Long Term Unemployment Rate in Kazakhstan remained unchanged at 2.20 percent in the first quarter of 2019 from 2.20 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Saturday May 18 2019
Kazakhstan GDP Current Prices at 13155.37 KZT Billion  
GDP Constant Prices in Kazakhstan decreased to 13155.37 KZT Billion in the first quarter of 2019 from 58785.74 KZT Billion in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday May 13 2019
Kazakhstan Sales Tax Rate - VAT at 12.00 percent  
The Sales Tax Rate in Kazakhstan stands at 12 percent.
Wednesday May 08 2019
Kazakhstan Current Account at 834.80 USD Million  
Kazakhstan posted a current account surplus of USD 835 million in the first quarter of 2019, swinging from a USD 893 million deficit in the same quarter of the prior year, a preliminary estimate showed. The goods account surplus surged to USD 7,082 million from USD 6,192 million a year earlier while the secondary income surplus increased to USD 84.3 million from USD 21.9 million. In addition, the primary income deficit narrowed to USD 5,267 million from USD 6,183 million. Meanwhile, the services account gap rose to USD 1,065 million from USD 924 million.
Wednesday May 08 2019
Kazakhstan Youth Unemployment Rate at 3.60 percent  
Youth Unemployment Rate in Kazakhstan decreased to 3.60 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018 from 3.90 percent in the third quarter of 2018.
Friday May 03 2019
Kazakhstan Government Debt to GDP at 21.90 percent  
Kazakhstan recorded a government debt equivalent to 21.90 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018.
Thursday May 02 2019
Kazakhstan Military Expenditure at 1607.00 USD Million  
Military Expenditure in Kazakhstan increased to 1607 USD Million in 2018 from 1391 USD Million in 2017.
Thursday April 11 2019
Kazakhstan GDP Deflator at 6.40 Index Points  
GDP Deflator in Kazakhstan decreased to 6.40 Index Points in 2018 from 8.60 Index Points in 2017.
Friday April 05 2019
Kazakhstan Government Budget at -1.40 percent of GDP  
Kazakhstan recorded a Government Budget deficit equal to 1.40 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018.
Thursday April 04 2019
Kazakhstan Current Account to GDP at 0.50 percent  
Kazakhstan recorded a Current Account surplus of 0.50 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018.
Monday March 25 2019
Kazakhstan Gold Reserves at 353.30 Tonnes  
Gold Reserves in Kazakhstan increased to 353.30 Tonnes in the first quarter of 2019 from 350.40 Tonnes in the fourth quarter of 2018.
Monday February 11 2019
Kazakhstan Terrorism Index at 2.23  
Terrorism Index in Kazakhstan decreased to 2.23 in 2017 from 2.95 in 2016.
Tuesday January 29 2019
Kazakhstan Corruption Index at 31.00 Points  
Kazakhstan scored 31 points out of 100 on the 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.
Tuesday January 29 2019
Kazakhstan Corruption Rank at 124.00  
Kazakhstan is the 124 least corrupt nation out of 175 countries, according to the 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index reported by Transparency International.
Wednesday January 16 2019
Kazakhstan Minimum Monthly Wage at 42500.00 KZT/Monthly  
Minimum Wages in Kazakhstan increased to 42500 KZT/Monthly in 2019 from 28284 KZT/Monthly in 2018.
Monday November 05 2018
Ease of Doing Business in Kazakhstan at 28.00  
Kazakhstan is ranked 28 among 190 economies in the ease of doing business, according to the latest World Bank annual ratings. The rank of Kazakhstan improved to 28 in 2018 from 36 in 2017.
Thursday November 01 2018
Kazakhstan Wages Low Skilled at 73200.00 KZT/Month  
Wages Low Skilled in Kazakhstan increased to 73200 KZT/Month in 2018 from 63700 KZT/Month in 2017.
Thursday November 01 2018
Kazakhstan Wages High Skilled at 137400.00 KZT/Month  
Wages High Skilled in Kazakhstan increased to 137400 KZT/Month in 2018 from 113400 KZT/Month in 2017.
Wednesday October 31 2018
Kazakhstan Living Wage Family at 128600.00 KZT/Month  
Living Wage Family in Kazakhstan increased to 128600 KZT/Month in 2018 from 126200 KZT/Month in 2017.
Wednesday October 31 2018
Kazakhstan Living Wage Individual at 85600.00 KZT/Month  
Living Wage Individual in Kazakhstan increased to 85600 KZT/Month in 2018 from 83700 KZT/Month in 2017.
Thursday October 18 2018
Kazakhstan Competitiveness Rank at 59.00  
Kazakhstan is the 59 most competitive nation in the world out of 140 countries ranked in the 2018 edition of the Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum.
Thursday October 18 2018
Kazakhstan Competitiveness Index at 61.80 Points  
Kazakhstan scored 61.80 points out of 100 on the 2018 Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum.
Thursday October 04 2018
Kazakhstan GDP Growth Rate at 1.26 percent  
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Kazakhstan expanded 1.26 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013 over the previous quarter.
Wednesday March 07 2018
Kazakhstan Retirement Age Men at 63.00  
Retirement Age Men in Kazakhstan remained unchanged at 63 in 2018 from 63 in 2017.
Wednesday March 07 2018
Kazakhstan Retirement Age Women at 58.00  
Retirement Age Women in Kazakhstan remained unchanged at 58 in 2018 from 58 in 2017.
Tuesday February 13 2018
Kazakhstan Social Security Rate at 11.00 percent  
The Social Security Rate in Kazakhstan stands at 11 percent.
Tuesday February 13 2018
Kazakhstan Social Security Rate For Companies at 11.00 percent  
The Social Security Rate For Companies in Kazakhstan stands at 11 percent.
Friday February 09 2018
Kazakhstan Personal Income Tax Rate at 10.00 percent  
The Personal Income Tax Rate in Kazakhstan stands at 10 percent.
Friday February 09 2018
Kazakhstan Corporate Tax Rate at 20.00 percent  
The Corporate Tax Rate in Kazakhstan stands at 20 percent.
Thursday January 18 2018
Kazakhstan Average Precipitation at 37.87 mm  
Precipitation in Kazakhstan decreased to 37.87 mm in December from 40.12 mm in November of 2015.
Thursday January 18 2018
Kazakhstan Average Temperature at -3.30 celsius  
Temperature in Kazakhstan decreased to -3.30 celsius in December from -1.80 celsius in November of 2015.
Friday October 27 2017
Kazakhstan Internet Speed at 10581.80 KBps  
Internet Speed in Kazakhstan increased to 10581.80 KBps in the first quarter of 2017 from 8955.15 KBps in the fourth quarter of 2016.
Friday October 27 2017
Kazakhstan IP Addresses at 1522517.00 IP  
IP Addresses in Kazakhstan decreased to 1522517 IP in the first quarter of 2017 from 1528598 IP in the fourth quarter of 2016.
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