The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Manufacturing Production Index increased to +11 in September 2019 from -2 in the previous month and above market expectations of -3.9. Still, the Composite Index, an average of the production, new orders, employment, supplier delivery time, and raw materials inventory indexes, continued to point to a contraction in the sector, driven by declines at durable goods plants, especially nonmetallic mineral products, primary metal, computer and electronic products, and transportation equipment manufacturing. The employment index dropped further in September, while the shipments index rebounded considerably. The month-over-month price index for raw materials continued to fall, while the price index for finished products inched higher. Firms continued to expect prices to rise over the next 6 months, but at a slower pace. Kansas Fed Manufacturing Index in the United States averaged 8.09 Index Points from 2001 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 37 Index Points in March of 2017 and a record low of -32 Index Points in November of 2008.