The US unemployment rate held steady at 3.5 percent in December 2019, remaining at the lowest level since 1969 and in line with market expectations. The number of unemployed people decreased by 58 thousand to 5.75 million while employment rose by 267 thousand to 158.80 million. The labor force participation rate was unchanged at 63.2 percent.

Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.73 percent from 1948 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Unemployment Rate in the United States is expected to be 3.80 percent by the end of this quarter, according to Trading Economics global macro models and analysts expectations. Looking forward, we estimate Unemployment Rate in the United States to stand at 3.90 in 12 months time. In the long-term, the United States Unemployment Rate is projected to trend around 4.10 percent in 2020, according to our econometric models.


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United States Unemployment Rate

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
3.50 3.50 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2019 percent Monthly

Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2019-10-04 12:30 PM Sep 3.5% 3.7% 3.7% 3.6%
2019-11-01 12:30 PM Oct 3.6% 3.5% 3.6% 3.6%
2019-12-06 01:30 PM Nov 3.5% 3.6% 3.6% 3.7%
2020-01-10 01:30 PM Dec 3.5% 3.5% 3.5% 3.6%
2020-02-07 01:30 PM Jan 3.5% 3.60%


News Stream
2019-12-06
US Jobless Rate Unexpectedly Falls to 3.5%
The US unemployment rate decreased to 3.5 percent in November 2019 from 3.6 percent in the previous month while markets had expected it to be unchanged at 3.6 percent. The number matched the September figure which was the lowest since 1969. Over the month, the number of unemployed persons decreased by 44,000. The labor force participation rate edged down to 63.2 percent from 63.3 percent in October.

2019-11-01
US Jobless Rate Rises to 3.6% in October
The US unemployment rate increased to 3.6 percent in October 2019 from 3.5 percent in the previous month and in line with market expectations. Over the month, the number of unemployed persons increased by 86,000. The labor force participation rate edged up to 63.3 percent from 63.2 percent in September.

2019-10-04
US Jobless Rate Falls to Lowest Since 1969
The US unemployment rate decreased to 3.5 percent in September 2019 from 3.7 percent in the previous month and above below market expectations of 3.7 percent. The last time the rate was this low was in December 1969, when it also was 3.5 percent. Over the month, the number of unemployed persons decreased by 275,000 to 5.8 million. The labor force participation rate came in at 63.2 percent, unchanged from the previous month.

2019-09-06
US Jobless Rate Steady for 3rd Month at 3.7%
The US unemployment rate came in at 3.7 percent in August 2019, unchanged from the previous two month's figures and in line with market expectations. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 19 thousand to 6.0 million while employment rose by 590 thousand to 157.9 million. The labor force participation rate edged up to 63.2 percent, the highest since February, from 63.0 percent a month earlier.

2019-08-02
US Jobless Rate Holds Steady at 3.7%
The US unemployment rate stood at 3.7 percent in July 2019, unchanged from the previous month's figure and in line with market expectations. The number of unemployed increased by 88 thousand to 6.1 million while employment went up by 283 thousand to 157.3 million.

2019-07-05
US Jobless Rate Unexpectedly Inches Up
The US unemployment rate rose to 3.7 percent in June 2019 from a 49-year low of 3.6 percent in the previous month and above market expectations of 3.6 percent. The number of unemployed increased by 87 thousand to 6.0 million while employment went up by 247 thousand to 157.0 million. The participation rate advanced to 62.9 percent in June from 62.8 in May.


United States Unemployment Rate
In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force.

United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 3.50 3.50 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 145.00 256.00 1118.00 -1959.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 139.00 243.00 1092.00 -1766.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls 6.00 13.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls -12.00 58.00 655.00 -1715.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 211.00 205.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1731.00 1768.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 202.00 124.00 360.00 -706.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 158803.00 158536.00 158803.00 57172.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 5753.00 5811.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.10 0.30 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.30 34.30 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 63.20 63.20 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.72 0.74 4.40 0.08 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.10 8.00 19.50 4.80 percent [+]
Productivity 107.53 107.59 107.59 25.99 points [+]
Labour Costs 112.00 111.30 112.00 17.00 points [+]
Job Vacancies 6465.00 7626.00 7884.00 2157.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6800.00 7361.00 7626.00 2264.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 32843.00 44569.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 23.79 23.77 23.79 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 22.57 22.41 22.57 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 5.34 5.03 13.78 -5.88 percent [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.70 0.60 2.00 0.20 percent [+]
Population 327.17 325.15 327.17 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 61.00 61.00 64.70 54.90 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 131755.00 131562.00 131755.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Wages Low Skilled 1960.00 1760.00 2340.00 1760.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4520.00 4330.00 4950.00 4330.00 USD/Month [+]
Part Time Employment 26992.00 26992.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2380.00 2270.00 2380.00 2160.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1660.00 1560.00 1660.00 1450.00 USD/Month [+]