United States Unemployment Rate  1948-2018 | Data | Chart | Calendar

The US unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.9 percent in August 2018, above market expectations of 3.8 percent. Still, the jobless rate remained close to May's 18-year low as the number of unemployed declined by 46 thousand to 6.23 million and employment fell by 423 thousand to 155.54 million. Unemployment Rate in the United States averaged 5.77 percent from 1948 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 10.80 percent in November of 1982 and a record low of 2.50 percent in May of 1953.

United States Unemployment Rate
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US Jobless Rate Holds Steady at 3.9%


The US unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.9 percent in August 2018, above market expectations of 3.8 percent. Still, the jobless rate remained close to May's 18-year low as the number of unemployed declined by 46 thousand to 6.23 million and employment fell by 423 thousand to 155.54 million.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (3.5 percent), adult women (3.6 percent), teenagers (12.8 percent), Whites (3.4 percent), Blacks (6.3 percent), Asians (3.0 percent), and Hispanics (4.7 percent) showed little or no change in August.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed in August at 1.3 million and accounted for 21.5 percent of the unemployed. Over the year, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 403,000.

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 60.3 percent, declined by 0.2 percentage point in August. 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 4.4 million, changed little over the month but was down by 830,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs.

In August, 1.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little different from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Among the marginally attached, there were 434,000 discouraged workers in August, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (Data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.0 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.


BLS | Joana Ferreira | joana.ferreira@tradingeconomics.com
9/7/2018 12:35:36 PM



Calendar GMT Actual Previous Consensus TEForecast
2018-07-06 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 4% 3.8% 3.8% 3.8%
2018-08-03 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 4% 3.9% 4%
2018-09-07 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 3.9% 3.8% 3.9%
2018-10-05 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9% 3.9%
2018-11-02 12:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%
2018-12-07 01:30 PM Unemployment Rate 3.9%


United States Labour Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Unemployment Rate 3.90 3.90 10.80 2.50 percent [+]
Non Farm Payrolls 201.00 147.00 1115.00 -834.00 Thousand [+]
Nonfarm Payrolls Private 204.00 153.00 1089.00 -821.00 Thousand [+]
Government Payrolls -3.00 -6.00 427.00 -260.00 Thousand [+]
Manufacturing Payrolls -3.00 18.00 572.00 -519.00 Thousand [+]
Initial Jobless Claims 204.00 205.00 695.00 162.00 Thousand [+]
Continuing Jobless Claims 1696.00 1711.00 6635.00 988.00 Thousand [+]
ADP Employment Change 163.00 217.00 384.00 -836.00 Thousand [+]
Employed Persons 155542.00 155965.00 155965.00 57635.00 Thousand [+]
Unemployed Persons 6234.00 6280.00 15352.00 1596.00 Thousand [+]
Average Hourly Earnings 0.40 0.30 0.60 -0.20 percent [+]
Average Weekly Hours 34.50 34.50 34.60 33.70 Hours [+]
Labor Force Participation Rate 62.70 62.90 67.30 58.10 percent [+]
Long Term Unemployment Rate 0.82 0.88 2.80 0.74 percent [+]
Youth Unemployment Rate 8.60 8.90 19.50 7.80 percent [+]
Labour Costs 109.33 109.60 109.60 17.00 Index Points [+]
Productivity 105.08 104.34 105.08 26.03 Index Points [+]
Job Vacancies 7313.00 6653.00 7313.00 2132.00 Thousand [+]
Job Offers 6939.00 6822.00 6939.00 2196.00 Thousand [+]
Challenger Job Cuts 38472.00 27122.00 248475.00 15100.00 Persons [+]
Wages 22.73 22.66 22.73 2.50 USD/Hour [+]
Wage Growth 4.83 4.99 13.78 -5.88 percent [+]
Wages in Manufacturing 21.42 21.41 21.53 1.27 USD/Hour [+]
Minimum Wages 7.25 7.25 7.25 0.25 USD/Hour [+]
Employment Cost Index 0.60 0.80 1.60 0.20 percent [+]
Population 325.72 323.41 325.72 76.09 Million [+]
Retirement Age Women 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Retirement Age Men 66.00 66.00 66.00 66.00 [+]
Employment Rate 60.30 60.50 64.70 55.00 percent [+]
Full Time Employment 128577.00 129021.00 129021.00 64640.00 Thousand [+]
Part Time Employment 26913.00 26992.00 28134.00 10086.00 Thousand [+]
Living Wage Family 2240.00 2150.00 2240.00 2120.00 USD/Month [+]
Living Wage Individual 1540.00 1460.00 1540.00 1420.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages High Skilled 4290.00 4120.00 4320.00 3640.00 USD/Month [+]
Wages Low Skilled 2090.00 1830.00 2100.00 1650.00 USD/Month [+]


United States Unemployment Rate

In the United States, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. This page provides the latest reported value for - United States Unemployment Rate - plus previous releases, historical high and low, short-term forecast and long-term prediction, economic calendar, survey consensus and news. United States Unemployment Rate - actual data, historical chart and calendar of releases - was last updated on September of 2018.

Actual Previous Highest Lowest Dates Unit Frequency
3.90 3.90 10.80 2.50 1948 - 2018 percent Monthly




unemployment rate by Country
Country Last
South Africa 27.20 Jun/18
Spain 15.30 Jun/18
Brazil 12.30 Jul/18
Italy 10.40 Jul/18
Turkey 10.20 Jun/18
Argentina 9.10 Mar/18
France 9.10 Jun/18
Euro Area 8.20 Jul/18
Saudi Arabia 6.10 Mar/18
Canada 6.00 Aug/18
Australia 5.30 Aug/18
Indonesia 5.13 Mar/18
Russia 4.70 Jul/18
South Korea 4.20 Aug/18
United Kingdom 4.00 Jul/18
United States 3.90 Aug/18
China 3.83 Jun/18
Netherlands 3.80 Jul/18
India 3.52 Dec/17
Mexico 3.50 Jul/18
Germany 3.40 Jul/18
Japan 2.50 Jul/18
Switzerland 2.40 Aug/18
Singapore 2.10 Jun/18


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